Think Critically about Health

This activity has been designed to help young people think critically about the topic of health and inequality.


Poverty and poor health are interrelated. Unfortunately, people who live in developing countries don’t have the same opportunities in health as people in the developed countries.

Learning Objectives
  • Identify the challenges a health promoter addresses.
  • Consider the root causes of the challenges and what led to them.
  • Compare the public healthcare system in Cambodia with your country’s public healthcare system.
Key Words

Health, sanitation, healthcare system, infectious diseases, nutrition, medicines, vaccination.

Teachers notes

Watch the film and think about the role of a health promoter. Answer the following questions:

  1. What is the role of a Health Promoter?
  2. Do you have anything similar in your country?
  3. Compare the healthcare system of a rural area in Cambodia with your country’s healthcare system in an equivalent area.
  4. Identify the main healthcare needs in your country and the key illnesses that lead to the majority of deaths. What are the similarities and differences to countries in the developing world like Cambodia?

The most common infectious diseases in the developing world which represent more than 90% of deaths are:

  • Respiratory tract infections
  • Diarrheal diseases
  • Tuberculosis
  • Malaria and
  • AIDS.

The most common factors that influence the spread of the diseases in the developing world are:

  • Water supplies
  • Poor nutrition
  • Sanitation facilities
  • Lack of medicines
  • Lack of local clinics and
  • Lack of vaccinations.